Virginia Beach City Workers Demand Collective Bargaining, End to Jim Crow Legacy

Virginia Beach city workers held a rally and press conference at City Hall on Tuesday, January 18, demanding a real voice for safety, dignity, living wages and an end to institutional racism on the job. The members of newly formed Virginia Beach City Workers Union, UE Local 111, were joined by supporters from the faith community in calling on the Virginia Beach City Council to pass a resolution in support of collective bargaining.

Alfred “Red” McClenny

“We have to confront this systematic racism and racial disparity that manipulates the city’s decision making when it comes to social and economic equality,” said Alfred “Red” McClenny, who works in waste management for the Department of Public Works. “I feel collective bargaining is a step to help us bridge that racial divide.”

Minister Gary McCollum said, “As faith leaders in our beloved city, we implore you to search long and deep in your hearts to consider the many contributions from our city employees, who have maintained our city through a devastating pandemic, as a cherished tourist destination.”

Minister Gary McCollum

McCollom pointed out that “Last year’s Waste Management work stoppage highlighted for all of us the overarching concerns for city employees to have their voices heard around wages, systemic racism, benefits and working conditions. … There is now a historic opportunity to right the past injustices by allowing city workers to collectively bargain.”

Rev. Dr. James Allen, president of Virginia Beach’s Interdenominational Ministerial Conference, also spoke in favor of collective bargaining rights.

A new law, effective since May of 2021, allows municipal workers in Virginia to exercise the right to collective bargaining once their city council passes a resolution supporting it. Five local governments across Virginia have passed such resolutions to date. The new law partially overturns the state’s ban on collective bargaining by public employees, a racist legacy of the Jim Crow era.

Low Pay, Short Staffing and Dangerous Working Conditions

Terry Green

In November, the Virginia Commonwealth Institute for Fiscal Analysis released a report that found that nine out of ten city employees in Virginia Beach cannot afford to raise even a single child within the city limits. For the last several months, hundreds of city workers have quit their jobs out of frustration with the stressful work environment, low pay and lack of a real voice.

“Working in the water department is becoming completely impossible due to so many staff leaving,” said Terry Green, who works for the city’s public water utility. “The city used to have eight water crews, now we are down to less than three crews to cover the whole city. We are working lots of overtime to cover all the water main breaks and keep the water running for the residents.”

With the Omnicron variant of COVID-19 rapidly spreading, workers are now facing on-going dangerous working conditions. Patricia Thebert, a behavior specialist at the West Neck Intermediate Care Facility, said “In Human Services we are currently experiencing over a quarter of our staff testing positive with COVID due to the Omnicron variant. The City has not done enough to keep us safe through the pandemic.”

Carrying on Dr. King’s Legacy

Patricia Thebert

The event was held the day after the Martin Luther King Jr. Day holiday. Dr. King Jr took his last stand supporting city workers in Memphis, Tennessee demanding the same rights that Virginia Beach city workers are now demanding.

“When I read about Dr. King’s support for workers organizing a union to challenge unsafe work conditions in Memphis, and their fight for collective bargaining over 50 years ago, I can’t help but be disappointed that we still have to fight for those same rights today,” said Thebert. “We need a real voice on the job through a union to help retain staff and dignified working conditions,” added Green. 

Teresa Stanley, a member of Tidewater Sowers and a parishioner at Church of the Holy Apostles and member of the City’s Human Relations Commission, declared that “The sin of systemic racism has resulted in a disproportionate number of the lowest paid workers in essential public sector employment being people of color and women. It is a moral imperative that as people of faith, we stand in solidarity with those that are working to dismantle oppressive economic practices for the common good of all.

“We believe that the economy must serve people (all people), not the other way around,” concluded Stanley. “This is why we stand firm in support of collective bargaining.”

After a brief rally and press conference outside City Hall, workers and their allies went inside and spoke at the City Council meeting. Among those addressing the city council meeting were Devon Conley of the city’s Department of Public Works, UE Eastern Region President George WaksmunskiLatasha Holloway of the Virginia Beach Coalition, Hannah “Mel” Borja of the Commonwealth Institute for Fiscal Analysis and Rev. Carlos Howard of the United Front For Justice.

Latasha Holloway from the Virginia Beach Coalition, who recently successfully won a lawsuit against racially-gerrymandered city council at-large districts, addresses the rally.

Mayor Robert Dyer refused to address the workers directly, instead choosing to read out the rules of the meeting — including a note about speakers remaining “civil.”  Workers vowed to return to work to sign up their co-workers for the union, and to return soon to the City Council to keep the fight moving forward.

New Report: Collective Bargaining Advances Equity and Strengthens Families

A new report from the Commonwealth Institute took a look at wage rates and cost of living data for Virginia Beach, and recommends allowing collective bargaining for public employees. From the introduction:

Virginia Beach is a vibrant, diverse community where people choose to live and work together for better opportunities for all of us. Part of why so many people choose to make Virginia Beach home is its high quality public services, and city employees play a significant role in creating and maintaining those services. It is important that public servants are fairly paid and have a voice in their workplace. Allowing collective bargaining will allow city employees a formal voice to lift up ways to improve public services and build a more equitable workplace. In the end, that benefits every one of us.

Union Wins First Grievance — Overturns Outrageous Long-term Suspension

On April 27, the City of Virginia Beach Human Resource Personnel Board ruled in favor of Mike Robinson, in Public Works, Mosquito Control, that their indefinite suspension, lasting several months, was unfair. Mike’s suspension was reduced to 5 days and he was paid full back pay from March 8 and returned back to work.

Mike was represented by Virginia Beach City Workers Union, UE organizer Chris Hollis. Fellow union members “OB” Justin Oberlander and Steven Wilson were present and testified on his behalf at the hearing.  This shows that the unity and support built by having a union really make a difference in fighting for justice.  As part of building the union, we plan to train up workers to become union stewards in every department so you can have these skills too!

Mike had been unfairly suspended for an alleged criminal charge violating the City’s Criminal and Administrative Charge and Conviction Policy (6.02A) and told an investigatory panel ruled that he should be suspended from work for several months until the courts ruled on the case. The union’s main argument was that this was disparate treatment, that other workers had similar criminal charges but were allowed to work until after the court made its decision.  Ultimately, the union’s arguments prevailed.

Even without collective bargaining union rights, which we are in the process of winning, being a member of the union affords you representation in the City’s grievance process. We encourage all workers to sign union cards and join the union today so we can keep building union power! SIGN A CARD HERE

This is also part of a larger “Grievance for Justice” campaign where the union is collecting grievances from workers across the City about on-going concerns. One major issue we are collecting information about is the arbitrary and capricious performance evaluations that result in low merit pay. If you have copies of your recent evaluation, please share with your department union steward or bring to the next meeting.

VB City Worker Union (UE) leaders meet with City Council member Sabrina Wooten

Meeting was positive, but time for action is now!


On April 8, 2021, key UE union city worker leaders met with City Council member Sabrina Wooten. Representing UE at the meeting was Terry Green (Public Utilities, Water), Jock Hill (Public Utilities, Sewer), Devon Conley (Public Works, Highways/Stormwater), Steven Wilson (Public Works, Mosquito Control) and Dante Strobino (UE International Rep). We had 5 other workers from different departments that had planned to attend that could not make it due to illness or family responsibilities.

Pictured above (from left) Terry Green, Jock Hill, Sabrina Wooten (center bottom), Devon Conley, Steven Wilson and Dante Strobino meet on 4/8.

Overall the meeting went very well.  Wooten stated very clearly that she supports us forming the union and will support a resolution for collective bargaining to pass the city council.

Our members did an excellent job speaking about the three main issues in our petition

  • Overhaul the entire wage structure
  • 10% hazard pay
  • Stop abuse of power and threats from management

Through the course of the conversation, she explained that while the City Manager Duhaney is proposing 3% raise, she and city council member Aaron Rouse are asking for 5%, since that is what the teachers, and likely firefighters will get. 

We had lots of discussion about how the entire pay scale is off track, that even a few % points would not catch us up because we are decades behind. To that point, she did respond to the union’s request for information about the current market wage study. She said the city is currently planning to set aside $3 million in the budget to go towards these salary adjustments, this includes the entire city including us and police and fire. This amount of money is completely inadequate.

She said that the study will likely be complete sometime by the fall and the council will have to vote on when the raise goes into effect, if any. 

Lastly, she introduced us to Reverend Perez Gatling, who hosted the meeting at Ebenezer Baptist Church. Rev. Gatling is a powerful community and faith leader that pledged his support of our campaign. He agreed to bring our issues in front of the Interdenominational Ministerial Alliance, a city-wide alliance of 25 churches of all faiths and races, to see if they will support us too!  This could be huge!